Skip to content

Writing tips: accent rules in Spanish


Here we give you a few tips to avoid grammar mistakes when you write in Spanish. Check your spelling and tildes (‘)! 👀

Accent rules in Spanish 

When do I need to write a tilde(‘)? Firstly we have three different classifications of words:

  1. Agudas: are those whose stress falls on the last syllable. Example: balón, bebé, papel
  2. Llanas: are those whose stress falls on the penultimate syllable. Example: silla, ardilla, piz
  3. Esdrújulas: are those whose stress falls on the antepenultimate syllable. Example: pájaro, helicóptero

Why sometimes we put tilde (‘) and sometimes we don’t?

  1. If the word is aguda: always finishes in -N, -S, or vowel has a tilde
  2. If the word is llana: finishes with a consonant, other than -N or -S, has a tilde 
  3. If the word is esdrújula: always have a tilde.

I invite you now to have a look at balón, silla, and pájaro (previous examples) Do you know why some of them have tilde and why some of them don’t? 

Here⬇️ is a brief explanation:

Balón has tilde because is aguda and it finishes in -s. Otherwise, papel finishes in -l and that is why it doesn’t have. 

Silla don’t have tilde because finishes in vowel and the llanas only have tilde when the word finishes in a consonant (different to -n and/or -s). Example: piz

Pájaro, like all the esdrújulas have always tilde (‘)

Exercise to practice! Classify these words ⬇️ and put a tilde (‘) if required:

  1. rosa
  2. melon
  3. pedal
  4. esdrujula
  5. habil
  6. mesa
  7. silla
  8. manzana
  9. ordenador
  10. frigorifico

Practice La acentuación

Feel free to join our free Facebook group, Learn Spanish, practice and solve your doubts 🤍, or get in touch with us (e.g. via our website or at for doubts or questions.

¡Hasta pronto!